That Blue Square Thing - Geography Revision

Unit 3 Markscheme - MEDC City Centres

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Use this markscheme to check your own answers. If you're unsure then ask a teacher to give you a hand. With practice you should be able to mark your own work.

You might find it useful to look at the Standard GCSE Markscheme.

This explains a little more about level marked questions and gives an example. As examiners we're always interested to see useful case studies used in longer answers - this will often gain marks because it helps to explain the points you're making.

a) What proportion of people used a car to get to work in 1981?

48%

b) What does the term CBD mean?

Central Business District (not town centre - this is somewhere where you need to know exactly the term being defined)

c) Describe the changes in transport choices shown in the table.

Any two points from: more people using cars; less people are using buses; less people are living and working in the city or people are living outside the city and commuting in

d) State two problems that might be caused by the changes show in the table.

The question says "State" so a list is fine here. You should look for ideas like: traffic congestion; people being late for work; businesses finding it hard to get deliveries on time; more accidents; less buses running (because people don't use them); air pollution (not just pollution); health problems due to pollution etc...

e) Many people feel that any new housing development should take place on brownfield land.
Where within a city would you expect to find brownfield land?

Only 1 mark here, so one simple point: near the CBD; close to the centre; on old industrial sites etc...

f) What problems might developers have building on brownfield sites?

For the third mark I want to see some development - a list here will be restricted to 2 marks. Ideas such as difficult to build on, expensive to build on, contaminated land, derelict buildings to clear, difficult to get access, small sites, listed buildings not allowed to be demolished and so on. You need to watch you don't repeat yourself and that there is some development in your answer - 1 well developed point could gain 3 marks but you'd be better off making two points fairly well to get the marks.

It's worth thinking about how to develop here: "(Lots of derelict buildings) which means (it takes time and costs money to clear the site)." The brackets show where the marks might be given - so there's two for this point.

All you do is make the point and then write a sentence about it to explain it - that's a developed point.

g) The redevelopment of areas of brownfield land helps to solve many problems for city planners. Name a brownfield redevelopment you have studied. Explain how the redevelopment has improved the area.

Level 1: simple points - such as "less crime", "more jobs";

Level 2: developed points - "Less derelict buildings makes are area safer for children"

Level 3: well developed points - look for a good use of a case study here to start with. I want to see that you really know about a place and really develop your points, e.g: "Norwich riverside used to be a contaminated area next to the river on the site of an old iron works. The area has been cleaned up, reducing the chances of contamination effecting people's health. As a result the area is more pleasant to live in."

h) Urban planning schemes such as the redevelopment of brownfield sites do not solve everyone's needs. Describe the problems which have been caused by an urban planning scheme of your choice.

Level 1: simple points such as high house prices or loss of inner city habitats

Level 2: developed points - e.g. high house prices mean that local people can no longer afford to live in the area

You could use a case study here to help make your point - 1 bedroom flats in the newest developments at Norwich Riverside sell for about £155,000 for example.

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