That Blue Square Thing - Geography Revision

Unit 12 Markscheme - LEDC Tourism

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Use this markscheme to check your own answers. If you're unsure then ask a teacher to give you a hand. With practice you should be able to mark your own work.

You might find it useful to look at the Standard GCSE Markscheme.

This explains a little more about level marked questions and gives an example. As examiners we're always interested to see useful case studies used in longer answers - this will often gain marks because it helps to explain the points you're making.

a) Describe the location of Recife

To get 2 marks you need to say more than "in Brazil". Always try to use Distance and Direction in location answers - so "in North-east Brazil about 750km north-east of Salvador" would be perfect.

b) The number of tourists from Europe and North America who visit Brazil has increased in recent years. Suggest reasons why this increase might have occurred

Level 1: basic points - e.g. "people are richer, they have more leisure time and want to go further"

Level 2: more detailed points which develop the answer to explain. For example: "People are richer so they have more disposable income and can spend more on holidays" or "Cheaper and easier air travel has meant that it is possible to fly to Brazil more often and more quickly today. This makes Brazil more accessible from Europe and North America"

Points about the beautiful landscape or great climate do not get marks here - the question is about why the amount of tourism has increased and those things haven't changed.

c) Explain what the term "Ecotourism" means

Tourism that fits in with the environment (1) without damaging it (+1). You could also say it was small-scale or designed to use the environment to attract small numbers of tourists. It should also benefit local people more.

d) Annotate figure 2 to explain some of the possible impacts a large-scale tourist development might have on the natural environment in the area shown in figure 2

Annotate means to put detailed labels on the photo - so it needs more than just "habitat destruction".

Level 1: simple points such as "water pollution"

Level 2: more development, such as "water pollution will kill fish"

Level 3: well developed points, such as "developments will create sewage which will pollute the water. This could kill fish and effect the food chain"

e) Using examples you have studied, explain how tourist developments may help poorer countries to develop

Level 1: simple points such as "people are richer" or "bring jobs and money"

Level 2: more developed points with link to development - e.g. "people are richer so will have a better quality of life and be able to afford more things such as food"

Level 3: clearly developed points with clear links to an example - e.g. "in Costa Rica tourism has meant the government makes more tax money. This lets them build hospitals and provide more health care so that people will live longer"

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